How to Grow Cardamom Plant from Seed and Care for Green Cardamom

How to Grow Cardamom Plant from Seed and Care for Green Cardamom

Cardamom, also known as the “Queen of Spices,” is a highly sought-after aromatic spice used in many delicious dishes and traditional remedies worldwide. Originating from the Indian subcontinent, cardamom thrives in tropical and subtropical regions. If you’re eager to cultivate your own cardamom plant and ensure its thriving growth, this article is perfect for you.

Getting Started with Cardamom Seeds

First things first, you need to choose fresh and viable seeds. Look for plump seeds that are free from mold or damage. To promote germination, soak the seeds in water for about 12 hours.

cardamom seeds

Planting the Cardamom Seeds

Prepare the soil by using a mix of compost, sandy soil, and a bit of perlite or vermiculite to create the perfect environment for your cardamom plant. Sow the seeds about 1 inch deep in the soil, making sure to space them at least 2 feet apart. After planting, water the seeds gently but thoroughly.

Growing Conditions

Cardamom plants prefer indirect sunlight or partial shade, as they naturally grow under the canopies of larger trees in the wild. The ideal temperature range for cardamom cultivation is between 22°C to 32°C. These plants love humidity, so ensure the soil remains consistently moist but not waterlogged. During the growing season, feed the plants with a balanced liquid fertilizer every three weeks.

cardamom plants

Caring for Green Cardamom

To encourage robust growth, prune away any weak or unhealthy shoots that may appear as the plant grows. Keep an eye out for pests like aphids and spider mites, and use neem oil as an organic solution to tackle them. Harvest the cardamom pods when they turn pale green or yellowish-green, and make sure to pick them before they split open.

Final Tips

If you’re growing cardamom in a pot, consider repotting it once the plant outgrows its container. Applying a layer of organic mulch will help retain soil moisture and prevent weed growth. Remember, cardamom is a slow grower, so be patient. It may take a few years before you see flowering and pod production.

box with cardamom

In conclusion, while growing cardamom from seed requires some patience, the rewards are truly worth it. With the right care and conditions, you’ll have the joy of harvesting your own fresh cardamom pods. Experience the vibrant taste and rich aroma that only home-grown cardamom can offer!